INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE –
best practices at Community level
22-23 nov.2006

Notes taken by Liliane Sheidman and Yolande Iliano

1. Opening session by Odile Quintin Dir. Gen DG Education and Culture

1) .Objectives of the conference and exhibition:
The programmes run by DG EAC in particular, and those managed by other Commission services, have already been supporting projects on the theme of intercultural dialogue for several years.
Against this backdrop, the aims of the conference are to:
• Present the concept of intercultural dialogue and examine it from different perspectives by presenting concrete examples;
.• Increase the visibility of initiatives carried out with the support of Community funding. This will entail presenting the public with a range of good practices and initiatives which have had a real impact, and presenting effective tools and measures to show how dialogue between citizens of different cultures can improve the quality of their lives at work, during their studies, as well as more generally;
• Identify useful “models” to be supported in the future by the programmes and in the context of the 2008 Year, whether at national, regional or sectoral level;
• Examine the most appropriate ways of ensuring that initiatives from the European Year have a lasting impact;
• Reflect on the means and structures which help to promote knowledge of good results and thereby increase their impact.

2). The conference (22 – 23 November 2006)
The conference will bring together potential partners for the European Year and allow promoters of good projects to meet potential users. A total number of approximately 160 participants are foreseen, comprising decision-makers, Member State representatives (in particular contact points for the European Year), Members of the European Parliament, members of the Committee of the Regions, civil society stakeholders, such as social partners, representatives of associations and foundations, schools, universities, the cultural world

2. Debate: animated by Odile Quintin

Quelle est l'ambition politique du Comité des Régions? question posée à G.Stahl:
Il faut combattre l'isolement, la marginalisation. C'est le rôle de toutes les parties prenantes.

Quelle est l'expérience à Bruxelles en matière d'inter culturalité? d'échanges entre villes? question posée à Me Hariche
Bourgmestre adjoint.
Bruxelles compte 150 nationalités différentes dont beaucoup défavorisés socialement ou/et culturellement.
Bruxelles a créé des structures pour connaiître les besoins des citoyens et développer des projets:
-création d'un Conseil bruxellois d'origine étrangère qui impulse des projets au niveau de la Jeunesse et de l'Enseignement
- soutien des associations locales
.....- soutien financier
.....- accompagnement scolaire (alphabétiser)
.....- aspect intergénérationnel
.....- à compétence égale, discrimination positive à l'embauche
.....- promotion de toutes les cultures
- partenariat Bruxelles -Kinshasa


Quel est le rôle des politiques au Luxembourg en matière d'inter culturalité - dimension interreligieuse? Question posée à Erna Hennicot-Schoepges  Membre du Parlement européen:
- Au Luxembourg : un seul système d'éducation
....• le multilinguisme favorise ICD- apprentissage de 3 langues dès 3 ans
....• la musique : + de musique= + de concentration= + de résultats; chanter ensemble suscite une cohésion sociale
.... le dialogue interreligieux : la religion fait partie du domaine publique - nous devons en tenir compte;
...... les autres/ les croyants. nécessite la connaissance de l'Autre pour une meilleure compréhension
.......les religions ont aussi des mécanismes pour approcher l'autre ; il faut les respecter
- il faut s'attaquer au problème de fond "Apprentissage de l'Autre"
- la Culture a besoin d'être thématisé; l'UE e fera avec la Culture et les collectivités locales

Quelle limite et quelles responsabilités des responsables politiques, seul ou avec des partenaires? Question posée à Milan Kucan ancien Président de la République de Slovénie.
Que faire pour permettre la cohabitation interreligieuse / linguistique...des minorités?
Il faut viser la formation:
.....-
actuellement, approche négative de celui qui a une religion différente
....- le refus de cohabitation n'est pas une bonne chose ; c'est catastrophique- manque d'approches positives
....- Organisation d'une série de manifestations religieuses- scientifiques- de la sociéte civile avec des représentants sur le terrain
...... Dimension interculturele importante mais manque de visibilité car coéxistance de pouvoirs différents

Quel genre de mesures nécessaire pour intégrer les minorités? Question posée à Laco Oravec directeur -Fondation slovaque Milan Smecka
Il est important d'inclure la participation des citoyens ... des valuers européennes

Quel est le rôle des médias? Question posée à Jean réveillon, Secr. gen. Union européenne de Radio-Télévision UERT
...- compte 54 pays + le Magreb + le Moyen Orient
...- nouvelle plate-forme mobile...bandes passante plus favorable
......• pour échange groupe de dialogue co-productions...
......• pour réfléchir, faire évoluer; on y débat des programmes et de la mise en place des programmes
......• conférence à Essen: "Que faire pour faciliter l'expression des minorités en Europe?
...... La cohésion sociale relève de la mission des radios et des télévisions

...- les radios et Télévisions sont-ils un trait d'union ou un obstacle?
...- Les chaînes publiques ont un rôle à jouer: 350 mille?
...- queqlues projets; Euro classique/ Euro sonique / City Folk: série doc. 30h citoyens urbains -13 pays/ People of the move 11 pays
...- Il fuat déveloper la prise de conscience de l'éditorial!
...- le partenariat entre tous les acteurs est indispensable.

3. Youth speaks Forum:
young people’s report about their experience about European projects & intercultural dialogue (young reporters, Youth & European Solidarity, Born in Europe, Exchange programmes with intercultural communication & education)

4. Workshops:

...Intercultural dialogue at the workplace
 

...Intercultural dialogue in education contexts
......2 examples presented by promoters
  1. Ann Franck House (Youth) (NL) create a new section: Free2chose p 52-53 to build forces and is a debate program.
  • proposes 15 video clips as starting point to create a debate
• 5 themes: freedom of speech, religion freedom, freedom of press, right to demonstrate and right to privacy
• the aims is to be provocative for confrontation
• Creates a space for debate with an animator figure presenting
the case studies and the questions arising from them
• Issues of local and national relevance
• Intercultural cooperation method needed for all voices to be heart
  Reactions of the participants
• building trust in the class is important to create solidarity and the feeling of membership. When a student is in the group everything is possible!
• school is a very good place : students are curios; how to bring the debate on a high level
• with unemployed people there is lack of knowledge of the Other. How to transfer to other context?
• There is a need to establish a surround and find out how to allow confrontation? How to be a good moderator? Need for training
• Working for goals is important –
• Seeking for the interest of the two parts
• Problem of alterity – we need to measure the impact of the pedagogy of the alterity! How to measure the efficiencies of the education to be more tolerant?
• Common action is the precondition!
• Many ways : formal structures/ programs / teachers training /
..But also light projects involved in schools to aware the different partners: youth-parents-school- politicians and media in intercultural collaboration project :Hopen doors

2. A network to promote social inclusion SocInc-Net
  • SocInc-Net is an information network project between 6 major European cities: Berlin, Bologna, Copenhagen, Dublin, Glasgow and Malmö in the field of social inclusion through education and training.
• Target group :Young people between 16 and 25 years who are in risk of marginalization due to lack of social, personal and/or vocational skills.
• Activities The SocInc- Net centres will in close collaboration with local network partners perform the following tasks:
Collection, analysis, classification and presentation of
- Actors in the field
- Social inclusion initiatives and projects
- Best practice
- Success stories
- Legal environment
   

...Intercultural dialogue in daily life
......
Chair: Gottfried Wagner (director of European Culture) asked to be “not totally politically correct”, to achieve goals and to give .......recommendations.
...... 2 examples presented by speakers
  1. audio-visual: creating a film (clip of 10 minutes) with a European multicultural team of producers, actors, organisers, etc)

  • theme: the boarders.
• Success was so great that it went to European & non European countries
• Conclusion: artistic culture could be a tool

2. Reaching sick people programme developed in Florence hospital & spread thru Toscane: access of health care and human needs for everybody
  Comment: bad treatment when health problems among minorities
• Dialogues by phone (as specially in emergency)
• Ministers of different religion cults
• Support action with respect of religion traditions and food
 


5/ Report

...Intercultural dialogue at the workplace
..... workplace is the major platform for dialogue
.... .Trade Unions: intercultural dialogue to solve diversity for people on ground floor or in management position

...Intercultural dialogue in education contexts
  Ideal background in schools
... Common goals -more trust, sometimes using conflicts points can avoid “décrogchage .......scolaire”
...The educational programme: more innovator to encourage
.....- new ideas about alterity- tolerance- method more democratic-
.....- to provide new tools
...Take profit of associations/ museums/ sports/games

Recommendations:
.....- efficient campaign
.....- there is a need for a common goal red wire in all the programs/ and more mobility
.....- to create a permanent secretariat for collecti and support the sustainable initiative for .......intercultural dialogue and collaboration we need structures during the process learning .......finance to take opportunity from all the instances- to assure the follow up to measure the .......efficient and transfer it all over in Europe
   

...Intercultural dialogue in daily life
...- Definition between intercultural (inter-action, going out to meet the others, explaining his culture without convincing) and multicultural ....(staying in his own community & communicate with the others); suggestion of new definition: “Intercultural dialogue based on quality .....of people” (diversity & quality)
...- To take in consideration all kind of fear (geographical, political, boarders, stereotype, prejudice, etc)
...- Network with other hospitals

6. Recommendations & conclusion

...Intercultural dialogue at the workplace
  • ICD?ICC (intercultural Dialoge to Collaboration)
• fundamental ?individual state and group
• focus on the process :Collaboration and doing things for common interest for positive results

1) 2008 : consultation events : all sectors of society : government/ NGO minorities must be present
2) EC implement in the media for positive issues
3) Projects in collaboration with citizens

...Intercultural dialogue education contexts by M .Federichi
  • education program and system have problem to work with children of immigrants
• Technical school are creating exclusion in some countries

1) support and encourage pilot projects
2) how many years to reduce the exclusion? Need to create an adopt plan to face the immigration phenomena
3) UE must promote the ICD on regional, national, local level in cities policy by
...- evaluate de efficiency of the ICD
...- encourage a new policy in different sectors as: work/radio and TV…
...- encourage the states members
...- in the institutions

... Intercultural dialogue in daily life
  1) Training for mobilisation through
...• Analyses
...• Powerful tools
...• Crucial rules
2) UE must “partager … ensemencer … mobilmiser “ the NGO/ Voluntaries/ Media/ business
3) Human being must totally be taken with all his potential
4) The education system must change and focuses on what we know??? what we can do have to be evaluated and not what we doesn’t (ex a Portuguese immigrant is negatively evaluated although he know two languages!


6. Meeting people